Durum wheat is a type of wheat that has a high protein content and the flour has a yellow color. Kernels of durum wheat are usually large and amber colored. It is typically used for semolina and pastas.The endosperm is separated from the bran through sifting during the milling process. It is then ground into flour. Semolina contains protein, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc and fat, but not saturated fat or cholesterol.
Durum flour should not be considered a whole grain flour because the germ and bran have been removed . However, whole durum flour should be considered a whole grain flour because the flour contains all the parts of the grain.